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|Title:||Connectivity Model Based Routing for Opportunistic Networks|
|Issue Date:||14-Sep- 30|
|Abstract:||Opportunistic networks are uniquely characterized by the intermittent connectiv- ity experienced by the constituent nodes in a highly mobile wireless environment. The protocol design for such opportunistic networks raises new challenges to the conventional ad-hoc networking community, as some of the assumptions held for the latter, such as the existence of a multi-hop end-to-end path between a con- tent originator and a recipient are not generally valid for opportunistic networks. Also, the limited buffer space of a node prevents it from comfortably participating in the opportunistic content exchanges with its peer nodes. As such, any forth- coming new routing protocol for opportunistic networks must be designed and evaluated with these limitations in mind. In this work we have laid the founda- tion towards the design of such protocols by the careful analysis of opportunistic connectivity traces, characterization of network connectivity properties, and the identification of underlying probabilistic distributions in order to fully capture the dynamics of this new type of networking paradigm. In this thesis, the following original contributions are made to the field of opportunistic networking research: We have developed and simulated a novel connectivity model to regenerate the connectivity traces by reproducing the prop- erties gleaned from field connectivity traces for the testing and validation of new protocols and architectures. We have modeled the underlying dynamic structure of a network system as having two higher level properties of predictability and connectedness of nodes in predicting their contacts with their peer nodes with certain level of confidence, which in turn, can determine the dynamic connec- tivity of the network. We have validated that the proposed connectivity model can generate synthetic connectivity traces with such properties. We have pro- posed an adaptive opportunistic network routing protocol and using simulation based tests show that it outperforms three well known routing protocols in mobile peer-to-peer ad-hoc networking, in metrics such as message delivery ratio and the quantum of energy expended for message delivery. We have further enhanced our adaptive routing protocol to minimize congestion by considering node popularity, and show, with empirical simulation based tests, that our proposed congestion aware adaptive routing protocol outperforms all the three routing protocols and the proposed adaptive routing protocol in terms of number of messages delivered per unit of consumed power, for larger buffer sizes.|
|Appears in Collections:||2014|
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